Our Policies
Editorial policies


Human studies
Human studies (involving human subjects, material, or data) must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by an appropriate ethics committee. Submitted manuscripts must state the detailed information (name of the ethics committee, reference number). If the study is judged exempt from ethics approval, this information (name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption, reason for the exemption) should also be included in the manuscript. Further documentation on ethics should also be prepared, as editors may request more detailed information. Manuscripts may be rejected if there are suspected ethical problems.
Animal Studies
Experimental research on animals should have been approved by appropriate ethics committees and must comply with institutional, national, or international guidelines. Manuscripts must include a statement describing compliance with relevant guidelines and the detailed information (name of the ethics committee, reference number). If the study is judged exempt from ethics approval, this information (name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption, reason for the exemption) should also be included in the manuscript.
For all research involving human subjects or manuscripts that include any information (details, images, or videos) that could identify individual participants, informed consent should be obtained from the participants (or their parent or guardian for children under 18 and dementia patients). A statement describing the consent process should be included in the manuscript.
Peer review
All OAE journals employ a highly rigorous peer-review process to evaluate manuscript scientific accuracy, novelty, and significance. All submitted manuscripts are initially reviewed by a journal editor to determine if the manuscript meets the general criteria of the journal, such as the originality of the materials, clarity of the writing, appropriateness of the methods, and reasonableness of the conclusion. Using these basic criteria, the editors assess a paper’s eligibility for publication. If the manuscripts meet these criteria, they will be sent to experts in related fields for peer review. OAE system adopts a single-blind peer review process, which means that the reviewer identities are kept confidential, but author identities are known to reviewers. A manuscript under review is not revealed to anyone other than peer reviewers and editorial staff. Peer reviewers are required to maintain confidentiality about the manuscripts they review and must not divulge any information about a specific manuscript or its content to any third party without prior permission from the journal editors. Information from submitted manuscripts may be systematically collected and analyzed to improve the quality of the editorial or peer review process. Identifying information remains confidential. Final decisions regarding manuscript publication are made by the Editor-In-Chief.
Authorship credit
Authorship credit should be solely based on substantial contributions to each of the following three components:
  • Study concept and design or data acquisition, analysis or interpretation
  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • Final approval of the version to be published
Participation solely in funding acquisition or data collection does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the manuscript content. The order of naming the contributors should be based on their relative contributions toward executing the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted, the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. The journal prescribes a maximum number of authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript, its scope, and the number of institutions involved (vide infra). The authors should provide a justification if the number of authors exceeds the limits.
Misconduct Policy
OAE takes seriously all allegations of potential misconduct to ensure high-quality scientific publications. OAE strives to prevent and pursue any suspected misconduct. For example, OAE is a member of CrossCheck’s plagiarism detection initiative and uses plagiarism detection software. We also follow the COPE’s Code of Conduct flowcharts. If a study is suspected to have ethical problems, Editors may reject a manuscript and inform third parties, for example, author(s), institution(s), and/or ethics committee(s).
Suspected misconducts are as follows:
  • Plagiarism
  • Redundant (duplicate) publication
  • Ethical problems
  • A reviewer has appropriated an author’s idea or data
  • Data fabrication
  • Authorship changes
No Prior Publication
Articles shall not be published previously or simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere. Figures or tables that have been published elsewhere must be identified and permission of the copyright holder must be provided for journals cooperated with OAE.
Embargo Policy
The embargoed copies of an accepted article may be distributed to the press prior to publication. The timing and length of an embargo period is variable depending on production schedules.
Conflict of Interest Policies
When submitting manuscripts, all authors are required to declare whether there is a conflict of interest. Authors also need to complete the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest.
Peer reviewers
Reviewers will be asked whether they have conflicts of interest that could complicate their review before accepting a manuscript. They will not be assigned a manuscript if there is any conflict of interest.
Editors should recuse themselves from editorial decisions if they have conflicts of interest or relationships that pose potential conflicts related to articles under consideration. Other staff members who participate in editorial decisions must provide editors with a current description of their financial interests or other conflicts (as they might relate to editorial judgments) and recuse themselves from any decisions for which a conflict of interest exists. Editorial staff must not use information obtained through working with manuscripts for private gain. Editors should publish regular disclosure statements about potential conflicts of interests related to the commitments of journal staff. Guest editors should follow these same procedures.
Copyright and License
All articles published in OAE are under the protection of US copyrights. Authors need to complete a copyright form to transfer the copyright to OAE journals. For Plastic and Aesthetic Research, Hepatoma Research, Journal of Cancer Metastasis and Treatment, and Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, manuscripts will be published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License, which allows others to remix, modify, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under identical terms.
For Vessel Plus, Journal of Unexplored Medical Data, Translational Genetics and Genomics, Stomatological Disease and Science, and Mini-invasive Surgery, manuscripts will be published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, which grants users the right to unrestricted dissemination and re-use of the work, with only the one condition that proper attribution is given to authors.
Article Permanency
Articles published in OAE journals are not allowed to be changed according to the following policies.
Corrections and Retractions
It is OAE’s practice to publish a correction or retraction note with a prominent link instead of replacing the original article. The article therefore remains in the public domain, but the subsequent correction or retraction will be widely indexed.
Article Removal
Articles published in OAE journals will be preserved and remain available for access. Those articles considered to infringe on any right or are defamatory must be removed from our site and any site where we have deposited them.
Advertising Policy
OAE reserves the rights to decline any type of advertising that is damaging to the brand of OAE or is inappropriate for the OAE website. OAE will ensure that all advertisements on the website be verifiable and not deceptive or misleading. All advertisements in OAE publications are independent of editorial decisions. Editorial content is not compromised by commercial or financial interests or by any specific arrangements with advertising clients or sponsors. OAE will not publish advertisements for products proven to be seriously harmful to health.
Comments Policy
Constructive and professional comments to articles in OAE journals are welcome once they are published online. Comments that meet the requirements can be submitted to the journal’s Editorial Office and will be published in article form. Comments which may be refused are as follows:
-Are irrelevant to the article
-Contain URLs for the use of advertising
-Identified as repetition of comments posted on other domains
-Not written in English
-Poorly written or incomprehensible
Comments accepted by each OAE journal will be protected from copyright infringement. More details can be obtained by contacting the Editorial Office of each journal or contacting us directly.
Privacy Policy

OAE is committed to maintaining your confidence and trust with respect to the privacy of your personal information. The following privacy policies detail how we collect, use, and share your personal information.

Website Usage Tracking. While on our website, your visits to individual pages will be tracked and recorded in web server log files, but no personal identifiable information will be saved. The log files will be used by OAE for statistical purposes; to identify and analyze usage trends; and to improve website structure, content, and presentation. The log files will not be released to other organizations.

User Accounts, Registration, and Personalized Services. OAE may offer personalized services. To make use of such voluntary, personalized services, you must register a user account with the website. During registration, we will collect personal information including but not limited to, your name, valid e-mail address, affiliation, academic degree, position within your institution/organization, and research interests, and some of the information is required to properly set up the account. OAE will not sell, give, or make this personal information available in any other way to any third-party organizations without your explicit consent. OAE may use this information internally for targeted marketing purposes.

E-Mailing. OAE may occasionally contact you by e-mail to draw your attention to content that might be of interest (e.g., new services, products, or publications). You will have the chance to opt out from receiving such e-mails by contacting OAE customer service.

Applied Safety Measures. All data we collect on our website is protected against unauthorized access by third parties. Personal information is saved on our servers, which are located in a secured US data center and placed behind a firewall.

Linked Websites. OAE may link to other websites not controlled by OAE. Please take note that OAE is not responsible for others’ privacy practices or services or content changes to the privacy policy. We may alter our privacy policy, and any changes will be posted on this page with an updated revision date.